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It is a Saturday afternoon of blue and yellow autumn time, and the
scene is the High Street of a well-known market-town. A large
carrier's van stands in the quadrangular fore-court of the White Hart
Inn, upon the sides of its spacious tilt being painted, in weather-
beaten letters: 'Burthen, Carrier to Longpuddle.' These vans, so
numerous hereabout, are a respectable, if somewhat lumbering, class
of conveyance, much resorted to by decent travellers not overstocked
with money, the better among them roughly corresponding to the old
French diligences.

The present one is timed to leave the town at four in the afternoon
precisely, and it is now half-past three by the clock in the turret
at the top of the street. In a few seconds errand-boys from the
shops begin to arrive with packages, which they fling into the
vehicle, and turn away whistling, and care for the packages no more.
At twenty minutes to four an elderly woman places her basket upon the
shafts, slowly mounts, takes up a seat inside, and folds her hands
and her lips. She has secured her corner for the journey, though
there is as yet no sign of a horse being put in, nor of a carrier.
At the three-quarters, two other women arrive, in whom the first
recognizes the postmistress of Upper Longpuddle and the registrar's
wife, they recognizing her as the aged groceress of the same village.
At five minutes to the hour there approach Mr. Profitt, the
schoolmaster, in a soft felt hat, and Christopher Twink, the master-
thatcher; and as the hour strikes there rapidly drop in the parish
clerk and his wife, the seedsman and his aged father, the registrar;
also Mr. Day, the world-ignored local landscape-painter, an elderly
man who resides in his native place, and has never sold a picture
outside it, though his pretensions to art have been nobly supported
by his fellow-villagers, whose confidence in his genius has been as
remarkable as the outer neglect of it, leading them to buy his
paintings so extensively (at the price of a few shillings each, it is
true) that every dwelling in the parish exhibits three or four of
those admired productions on its walls.

Burthen, the carrier, is by this time seen bustling round the
vehicle; the horses are put in, the proprietor arranges the reins and
springs up into his seat as if he were used to it--which he is.

'Is everybody here?' he asks preparatorily over his shoulder to the
passengers within.

As those who were not there did not reply in the negative the muster
was assumed to be complete, and after a few hitches and hindrances
the van with its human freight was got under way. It jogged on at an
easy pace till it reached the bridge which formed the last outpost of
the town. The carrier pulled up suddenly.

'Bless my soul!' he said, 'I've forgot the curate!'

All who could do so gazed from the little back window of the van, but
the curate was not in sight.

'Now I wonder where that there man is?' continued the carrier.

'Poor man, he ought to have a living at his time of life.'

'And he ought to be punctual,' said the carrier. '"Four o'clock
sharp is my time for starting," I said to 'en. And he said, "I'll be
there." Now he's not here, and as a serious old church-minister he
ought to be as good as his word. Perhaps Mr. Flaxton knows, being in
the same line of life?' He turned to the parish clerk.

'I was talking an immense deal with him, that's true, half an hour
ago,' replied that ecclesiastic, as one of whom it was no erroneous
supposition that he should be on intimate terms with another of the
cloth. 'But he didn't say he would be late.'

The discussion was cut off by the appearance round the corner of the
van of rays from the curate's spectacles, followed hastily by his
face and a few white whiskers, and the swinging tails of his long
gaunt coat. Nobody reproached him, seeing how he was reproaching
himself; and he entered breathlessly and took his seat.

'Now be we all here?' said the carrier again. They started a second
time, and moved on till they were about three hundred yards out of
the town, and had nearly reached the second bridge, behind which, as
every native remembers, the road takes a turn and travellers by this
highway disappear finally from the view of gazing burghers.

'Well, as I'm alive!' cried the postmistress from the interior of the
conveyance, peering through the little square back-window along the
road townward.

'What?' said the carrier.

'A man hailing us!'

Another sudden stoppage. 'Somebody else?' the carrier asked.

'Ay, sure!' All waited silently, while those who could gaze out did

'Now, who can that be?' Burthen continued. 'I just put it to ye,
neighbours, can any man keep time with such hindrances? Bain't we
full a'ready? Who in the world can the man be?'

'He's a sort of gentleman,' said the schoolmaster, his position
commanding the road more comfortably than that of his comrades.

The stranger, who had been holding up his umbrella to attract their
notice, was walking forward leisurely enough, now that he found, by
their stopping, that it had been secured. His clothes were decidedly
not of a local cut, though it was difficult to point out any
particular mark of difference. In his left hand he carried a small
leather travelling bag. As soon as he had overtaken the van he
glanced at the inscription on its side, as if to assure himself that
he had hailed the right conveyance, and asked if they had room.

The carrier replied that though they were pretty well laden he
supposed they could carry one more, whereupon the stranger mounted,
and took the seat cleared for him within. And then the horses made
another move, this time for good, and swung along with their burden
of fourteen souls all told.

'You bain't one of these parts, sir?' said the carrier. 'I could
tell that as far as I could see 'ee.'

'Yes, I am one of these parts,' said the stranger.

'Oh? H'm.'

The silence which followed seemed to imply a doubt of the truth of
the new-comer's assertion. 'I was speaking of Upper Longpuddle more
particular,' continued the carrier hardily, 'and I think I know most
faces of that valley.'

'I was born at Longpuddle, and nursed at Longpuddle, and my father
and grandfather before me,' said the passenger quietly.

'Why, to be sure,' said the aged groceress in the background, 'it
isn't John Lackland's son--never--it can't be--he who went to foreign
parts five-and-thirty years ago with his wife and family? Yet--what
do I hear?--that's his father's voice!'

'That's the man,' replied the stranger. 'John Lackland was my
father, and I am John Lackland's son. Five-and-thirty years ago,
when I was a boy of eleven, my parents emigrated across the seas,
taking me and my sister with them. Kytes's boy Tony was the one who
drove us and our belongings to Casterbridge on the morning we left;
and his was the last Longpuddle face I saw. We sailed the same week
across the ocean, and there we've been ever since, and there I've
left those I went with--all three.'

'Alive or dead?'

'Dead,' he replied in a low voice. 'And I have come back to the old
place, having nourished a thought--not a definite intention, but just
a thought--that I should like to return here in a year or two, to
spend the remainder of my days.'

'Married man, Mr. Lackland?'


'And have the world used 'ee well, sir--or rather John, knowing 'ee
as a child? In these rich new countries that we hear of so much,
you've got rich with the rest?'

'I am not very rich,' Mr. Lackland said. 'Even in new countries, you
know, there are failures. The race is not always to the swift, nor
the battle to the strong; and even if it sometimes is, you may be
neither swift nor strong. However, that's enough about me. Now,
having answered your inquiries, you must answer mine; for being in
London, I have come down here entirely to discover what Longpuddle is
looking like, and who are living there. That was why I preferred a
seat in your van to hiring a carriage for driving across.'

'Well, as for Longpuddle, we rub on there much as usual. Old figures
have dropped out o' their frames, so to speak it, and new ones have
been put in their places. You mentioned Tony Kytes as having been
the one to drive your family and your goods to Casterbridge in his
father's waggon when you left. Tony is, I believe, living still, but
not at Longpuddle. He went away and settled at Lewgate, near
Mellstock, after his marriage. Ah, Tony was a sort o' man!'

'His character had hardly come out when I knew him.'

'No. But 'twas well enough, as far as that goes--except as to women.
I shall never forget his courting--never!'

The returned villager waited silently, and the carrier went on:-


'I shall never forget Tony's face. 'Twas a little, round, firm,
tight face, with a seam here and there left by the smallpox, but not
enough to hurt his looks in a woman's eye, though he'd had it badish
when he was a boy. So very serious looking and unsmiling 'a was,
that young man, that it really seemed as if he couldn't laugh at all
without great pain to his conscience. He looked very hard at a small
speck in your eye when talking to 'ee. And there was no more sign of
a whisker or beard on Tony Kytes's face than on the palm of my hand.
He used to sing "The Tailor's Breeches" with a religious manner, as
if it were a hymn:-

'"O the petticoats went off, and the breeches they went on!"

and all the rest of the scandalous stuff. He was quite the women's
favourite, and in return for their likings he loved 'em in shoals.

'But in course of time Tony got fixed down to one in particular,
Milly Richards, a nice, light, small, tender little thing; and it was
soon said that they were engaged to be married. One Saturday he had
been to market to do business for his father, and was driving home
the waggon in the afternoon. When he reached the foot of the very
hill we shall be going over in ten minutes who should he see waiting
for him at the top but Unity Sallet, a handsome girl, one of the
young women he'd been very tender toward before he'd got engaged to

'As soon as Tony came up to her she said, "My dear Tony, will you
give me a lift home?"

'"That I will, darling," said Tony. "You don't suppose I could
refuse 'ee?"

'She smiled a smile, and up she hopped, and on drove Tony.

'"Tony," she says, in a sort of tender chide, "why did ye desert me
for that other one? In what is she better than I? I should have
made 'ee a finer wife, and a more loving one too. 'Tisn't girls that
are so easily won at first that are the best. Think how long we've
known each other--ever since we were children almost--now haven't we,

'"Yes, that we have," says Tony, a-struck with the truth o't.

'"And you've never seen anything in me to complain of, have ye, Tony?
Now tell the truth to me?"

'"I never have, upon my life," says Tony.

'"And--can you say I'm not pretty, Tony? Now look at me!"

'He let his eyes light upon her for a long while. "I really can't,"
says he. "In fact, I never knowed you was so pretty before!"

'"Prettier than she?"

'What Tony would have said to that nobody knows, for before he could
speak, what should he see ahead, over the hedge past the turning, but
a feather he knew well--the feather in Milly's hat--she to whom he
had been thinking of putting the question as to giving out the banns
that very week.

'"Unity," says he, as mild as he could, "here's Milly coming. Now I
shall catch it mightily if she sees 'ee riding here with me; and if
you get down she'll be turning the corner in a moment, and, seeing
'ee in the road, she'll know we've been coming on together. Now,
dearest Unity, will ye, to avoid all unpleasantness, which I know ye
can't bear any more than I, will ye lie down in the back part of the
waggon, and let me cover you over with the tarpaulin till Milly has
passed? It will all be done in a minute. Do!--and I'll think over
what we've said; and perhaps I shall put a loving question to you
after all, instead of to Milly. 'Tisn't true that it is all settled
between her and me."

'Well, Unity Sallet agreed, and lay down at the back end of the
waggon, and Tony covered her over, so that the waggon seemed to be
empty but for the loose tarpaulin; and then he drove on to meet

'"My dear Tony!" cries Milly, looking up with a little pout at him as
he came near. "How long you've been coming home! Just as if I
didn't live at Upper Longpuddle at all! And I've come to meet you as
you asked me to do, and to ride back with you, and talk over our
future home--since you asked me, and I promised. But I shouldn't
have come else, Mr. Tony!"

'"Ay, my dear, I did ask ye--to be sure I did, now I think of it--but
I had quite forgot it. To ride back with me, did you say, dear

'"Well, of course! What can I do else? Surely you don't want me to
walk, now I've come all this way?"

'"O no, no! I was thinking you might be going on to town to meet
your mother. I saw her there--and she looked as if she might be
expecting 'ee."

'"O no; she's just home. She came across the fields, and so got back
before you."

'"Ah! I didn't know that," says Tony. And there was no help for it
but to take her up beside him.

'They talked on very pleasantly, and looked at the trees, and beasts,
and birds, and insects, and at the ploughmen at work in the fields,
till presently who should they see looking out of the upper window of
a house that stood beside the road they were following, but Hannah
Jolliver, another young beauty of the place at that time, and the
very first woman that Tony had fallen in love with--before Milly and
before Unity, in fact--the one that he had almost arranged to marry
instead of Milly. She was a much more dashing girl than Milly
Richards, though he'd not thought much of her of late. The house
Hannah was looking from was her aunt's.

'"My dear Milly--my coming wife, as I may call 'ee," says Tony in his
modest way, and not so loud that Unity could overhear, "I see a young
woman alooking out of window, who I think may accost me. The fact
is, Milly, she had a notion that I was wishing to marry her, and
since she's discovered I've promised another, and a prettier than
she, I'm rather afeard of her temper if she sees us together. Now,
Milly, would you do me a favour--my coming wife, as I may say?"

'"Certainly, dearest Tony," says she.

'"Then would ye creep under the empty sacks just here in the front of
the waggon, and hide there out of sight till we've passed the house?
She hasn't seen us yet. You see, we ought to live in peace and good-
will since 'tis almost Christmas, and 'twill prevent angry passions
rising, which we always should do."

'"I don't mind, to oblige you, Tony," Milly said; and though she
didn't care much about doing it, she crept under, and crouched down
just behind the seat, Unity being snug at the other end. So they
drove on till they got near the road-side cottage. Hannah had soon
seen him coming, and waited at the window, looking down upon him.
She tossed her head a little disdainful and smiled off-hand.

'"Well, aren't you going to be civil enough to ask me to ride home
with you!" she says, seeing that he was for driving past with a nod
and a smile.

'"Ah, to be sure! What was I thinking of?" said Tony, in a flutter.
"But you seem as if you was staying at your aunt's?"

'"No, I am not," she said. "Don't you see I have my bonnet and
jacket on? I have only called to see her on my way home. How can
you be so stupid, Tony?"

'"In that case--ah--of course you must come along wi' me," says Tony,
feeling a dim sort of sweat rising up inside his clothes. And he
reined in the horse, and waited till she'd come downstairs, and then
helped her up beside him. He drove on again, his face as long as a
face that was a round one by nature well could be.

'Hannah looked round sideways into his eyes. "This is nice, isn't
it, Tony?" she says. "I like riding with you."

'Tony looked back into her eyes. "And I with you," he said after a
while. In short, having considered her, he warmed up, and the more
he looked at her the more he liked her, till he couldn't for the life
of him think why he had ever said a word about marriage to Milly or
Unity while Hannah Jolliver was in question. So they sat a little
closer and closer, their feet upon the foot-board and their shoulders
touching, and Tony thought over and over again how handsome Hannah
was. He spoke tenderer and tenderer, and called her "dear Hannah" in
a whisper at last.

'"You've settled it with Milly by this time, I suppose," said she.

'"N-no, not exactly."

'"What? How low you talk, Tony."

'"Yes--I've a kind of hoarseness. I said, not exactly."

'"I suppose you mean to?"

'"Well, as to that--" His eyes rested on her face, and hers on his.
He wondered how he could have been such a fool as not to follow up
Hannah. "My sweet Hannah!" he bursts out, taking her hand, not being
really able to help it, and forgetting Milly and Unity, and all the
world besides. "Settled it? I don't think I have!"

'"Hark!" says Hannah.

'"What?" says Tony, letting go her hand.

'"Surely I heard a sort of little screaming squeak under those sacks?
Why, you've been carrying corn, and there's mice in this waggon, I
declare!" She began to haul up the tails of her gown.

'"Oh no; 'tis the axle," said Tony in an assuring way. "It do go
like that sometimes in dry weather."

'"Perhaps it was . . . Well, now, to be quite honest, dear Tony, do
you like her better than me? Because--because, although I've held
off so independent, I'll own at last that I do like 'ee, Tony, to
tell the truth; and I wouldn't say no if you asked me--you know

'Tony was so won over by this pretty offering mood of a girl who had
been quite the reverse (Hannah had a backward way with her at times,
if you can mind) that he just glanced behind, and then whispered very
soft, "I haven't quite promised her, and I think I can get out of it,
and ask you that question you speak of."

'"Throw over Milly?--all to marry me! How delightful!" broke out
Hannah, quite loud, clapping her hands.

'At this there was a real squeak--an angry, spiteful squeak, and
afterward a long moan, as if something had broke its heart, and a
movement of the empty sacks.

'"Something's there!" said Hannah, starting up.

'"It's nothing, really," says Tony in a soothing voice, and praying
inwardly for a way out of this. "I wouldn't tell 'ee at first,
because I wouldn't frighten 'ee. But, Hannah, I've really a couple
of ferrets in a bag under there, for rabbiting, and they quarrel
sometimes. I don't wish it knowed, as 'twould be called poaching.
Oh, they can't get out, bless ye--you are quite safe! And--and--what
a fine day it is, isn't it, Hannah, for this time of year? Be you
going to market next Saturday? How is your aunt now?" And so on,
says Tony, to keep her from talking any more about love in Milly's

'But he found his work cut out for him, and wondering again how he
should get out of this ticklish business, he looked about for a
chance. Nearing home he saw his father in a field not far off,
holding up his hand as if he wished to speak to Tony.

'"Would you mind taking the reins a moment, Hannah," he said, much
relieved, "while I go and find out what father wants?"

'She consented, and away he hastened into the field, only too glad to
get breathing time. He found that his father was looking at him with
rather a stern eye.

'"Come, come, Tony," says old Mr. Kytes, as soon as his son was
alongside him, "this won't do, you know."

'"What?" says Tony.

'"Why, if you mean to marry Milly Richards, do it, and there's an end
o't. But don't go driving about the country with Jolliver's daughter
and making a scandal. I won't have such things done."

'"I only asked her--that is, she asked me, to ride home."

'"She? Why, now, if it had been Milly, 'twould have been quite
proper; but you and Hannah Jolliver going about by yourselves--"

'"Milly's there too, father."

'"Milly? Where?"

'"Under the corn-sacks! Yes, the truth is, father, I've got rather
into a nunny-watch, I'm afeard! Unity Sallet is there too--yes, at
the other end, under the tarpaulin. All three are in that waggon,
and what to do with 'em I know no more than the dead! The best plan
is, as I'm thinking, to speak out loud and plain to one of 'em before
the rest, and that will settle it; not but what 'twill cause 'em to
kick up a bit of a miff, for certain. Now which would you marry,
father, if you was in my place?"

'"Whichever of 'em did NOT ask to ride with thee."

'"That was Milly, I'm bound to say, as she only mounted by my
invitation. But Milly--"

"Then stick to Milly, she's the best . . . But look at that!"

'His father pointed toward the waggon. "She can't hold that horse
in. You shouldn't have left the reins in her hands. Run on and take
the horse's head, or there'll be some accident to them maids!"

'Tony's horse, in fact, in spite of Hannah's tugging at the reins,
had started on his way at a brisk walking pace, being very anxious to
get back to the stable, for he had had a long day out. Without
another word Tony rushed away from his father to overtake the horse.

'Now of all things that could have happened to wean him from Milly
there was nothing so powerful as his father's recommending her. No;
it could not be Milly, after all. Hannah must be the one, since he
could not marry all three. This he thought while running after the
waggon. But queer things were happening inside it.

'It was, of course, Milly who had screamed under the sack-bags, being
obliged to let off her bitter rage and shame in that way at what Tony
was saying, and never daring to show, for very pride and dread o'
being laughed at, that she was in hiding. She became more and more
restless, and in twisting herself about, what did she see but another
woman's foot and white stocking close to her head. It quite
frightened her, not knowing that Unity Sallet was in the waggon
likewise. But after the fright was over she determined to get to the
bottom of all this, and she crept arid crept along the bed of the
waggon, under the tarpaulin, like a snake, when lo and behold she
came face to face with Unity.

'"Well, if this isn't disgraceful!" says Milly in a raging whisper to

'"'Tis," says Unity, "to see you hiding in a young man's waggon like
this, and no great character belonging to either of ye!"

'"Mind what you are saying!" replied Milly, getting louder. "I am
engaged to be married to him, and haven't I a right to be here? What
right have you, I should like to know? What has he been promising
you? A pretty lot of nonsense, I expect! But what Tony says to
other women is all mere wind, and no concern to me!"

'"Don't you be too sure!" says Unity. "He's going to have Hannah,
and not you, nor me either; I could hear that."

'Now at these strange voices sounding from under the cloth Hannah was
thunderstruck a'most into a swound; and it was just at this time that
the horse moved on. Hannah tugged away wildly, not knowing what she
was doing; and as the quarrel rose louder and louder Hannah got so
horrified that she let go the reins altogether. The horse went on at
his own pace, and coming to the corner where we turn round to drop
down the hill to Lower Longpuddle he turned too quick, the off wheels
went up the bank, the waggon rose sideways till it was quite on edge
upon the near axles, and out rolled the three maidens into the road
in a heap.

'When Tony came up, frightened and breathless, he was relieved enough
to see that neither of his darlings was hurt, beyond a few scratches
from the brambles of the hedge. But he was rather alarmed when he
heard how they were going on at one another.

'"Don't ye quarrel, my dears--don't ye!" says he, taking off his hat
out of respect to 'em. And then he would have kissed them all round,
as fair and square as a man could, but they were in too much of a
taking to let him, and screeched and sobbed till they was quite

'"Now I'll speak out honest, because I ought to," says Tony, as soon
as he could get heard. "And this is the truth," says he. "I've
asked Hannah to be mine, and she is willing, and we are going to put
up the banns next--"

'Tony had not noticed that Hannah's father was coming up behind, nor
had he noticed that Hannah's face was beginning to bleed from the
scratch of a bramble. Hannah had seen her father, and had run to
him, crying worse than ever.

'"My daughter is NOT willing, sir!" says Mr. Jolliver hot and strong.
"Be you willing, Hannah? I ask ye to have spirit enough to refuse
him, if yer virtue is left to 'ee and you run no risk?"

'"She's as sound as a bell for me, that I'll swear!" says Tony,
flaring up. "And so's the others, come to that, though you may think
it an onusual thing in me!"

'"I have spirit, and I do refuse him!" says Hannah, partly because
her father was there, and partly, too, in a tantrum because of the
discovery, and the scratch on her face. "Little did I think when I
was so soft with him just now that I was talking to such a false

'"What, you won't have me, Hannah?" says Tony, his jaw hanging down
like a dead man's.

'"Never--I would sooner marry no--nobody at all!" she gasped out,
though with her heart in her throat, for she would not have refused
Tony if he had asked her quietly, and her father had not been there,
and her face had not been scratched by the bramble. And having said
that, away she walked upon her father's arm, thinking and hoping he
would ask her again.

'Tony didn't know what to say next. Milly was sobbing her heart out;
but as his father had strongly recommended her he couldn't feel
inclined that way. So he turned to Unity.

'"Well, will you, Unity dear, be mine?" he says.

'"Take her leavings? Not I!" says Unity. "I'd scorn it!" And away
walks Unity Sallet likewise, though she looked back when she'd gone
some way, to see if he was following her.

'So there at last were left Milly and Tony by themselves, she crying
in watery streams, and Tony looking like a tree struck by lightning.

'"Well, Milly," he says at last, going up to her, "it do seem as if
fate had ordained that it should be you and I, or nobody. And what
must be must be, I suppose. Hey, Milly?"

'"If you like, Tony. You didn't really mean what you said to them?"

'"Not a word of it!" declares Tony, bringing down his fist upon his

'And then he kissed her, and put the waggon to rights, and they
mounted together; and their banns were put up the very next Sunday.
I was not able to go to their wedding, but it was a rare party they
had, by all account. Everybody in Longpuddle was there almost; you
among the rest, I think, Mr. Flaxton?' The speaker turned to the
parish clerk.

'I was,' said Mr. Flaxton. 'And that party was the cause of a very
curious change in some other people's affairs; I mean in Steve
Hardcome's and his cousin James's.'

'Ah! the Hardcomes,' said the stranger. 'How familiar that name is
to me! What of them?'

The clerk cleared his throat and began:-

Life's Little Ironies by Thomas Hardy
19th century fiction

Short stories
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